hu / en

Patterns of plural habitus among ethnic Hungarians in Romania and Slovakia (2022-2025)

The research project has been implemented with the support provided from the National Research, Development and Innovation Fund of Hungary

The project aims to add new insights to our knowledge of Hungarians living in the Carpathian Basin. One of the theoretical problems at the heart of Bourdieu’s oeuvre concerns a fundamental question of sociology; namely, how structural constraints condition human actions? As a disciple of Bourdieu, I consider the habitus theory of his constructivist structuralism to be one of the most promising conceptual basis on which the structure/agency problem can be operationalized. I argue, however, that Bourdieu’s habitus theory can be further developed if we follow a path that constitutes a prolongation proper of the one he had taken towards the end of his life. Building on the notion of the translational reproduction of social structure – the idea that while social classes move in the same direction, dominant groups are able to preserve their relative power position – I suggest that as social structures change, habitus change correspondingly and thus become plural.

I would like to investigate the changing dispositional patterns of Hungarian minorities living in Romania and Slovakia – taking into account whether they (1) exist in their native cultural milieu, (2) interact with members and institutions of the majority nation, or (3) co-operate with people or institutions of the “motherland”. My research will be a qualitative exploratory study; I plan to conduct around sixty anonymised in-depth life history interviews. Sampling criteria: (1) 50% male, 50% female; (2) 50% of the interviewees are Slovakian, 50% Romanian citizen; (3) 50% are from homogeneous ethnic environment, 50% from a mixed-nationality environment (but were socialized in Hungarian families); (4) roughly 33% are under 35 years, 33% between 35-60 years, 33% over 60 years; (5) about 33% lives in Hungary.

Leader of the research project:  Miklós Hadas

Duration of the project:  01.11.2022 – 30.09.2025  

2024

May

30

M

T

W

T

F

S

S

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

Next month >
a

2024

May

30

M

T

W

T

F

S

S

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

Next month >